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Sugarcane Varieties

Historical Remarks

Historical Landmarks

Development of varieties is the central area of research since the inception of the institute in 1912. It was the first of its kind to start work on breeding varieties for sub-tropical conditions. The first commercially successful inter-specific hybrid in the world, Co 205, a hybrid between cultivated sugarcane, Saccharum officinarum and the wild grass S. spontaneum became popular in Punjab province during 1920s. Varieties such as Co 213, Co 214, Co 281, Co 285, Co 290, Co 312, etc., bred by this institute revamped sugar industry in India. From 1926, the Institute started developing varieties for tropical India as well.

The varieties developed later by this Institute such as Co 419, Co 453, Co 740, Co 997, Co 1148, Co 62175, Co 6304 and Co 6806 are some of the very successful varieties spread across the country. The variety Co 86032 notified for release in the year 2000 occupies most of the sugarcane area in tropical India at present. Recently released sub-tropical varieties such as Co 0118 and Co 0238 are gaining popularity among the farmers of Haryana, Punjab, Western UP, Uttarakhand and Bihar. Thus varieties evolved by the Institute have elevated the status of the nation from a sugar importer to the largest manufacturer of sugar in the world today. The varieties evolved at this Institute are being grown all over India and is being used as breeding stocks in 26 other countries in the world as well

Popular Varieties

Popular Varieties in different parts of India

The following Table lists varieties that are popular or gaining good recognition in Tropical and Sub-tropical India during different periods of time.

This link provides profiles of recently released varieties of sugarcane in different parts of India

Sub-Tropical Zone

1920’s Co 205, Co 210, Co 213, Co 214, Co 224, Co 281, Co 290
1930’s Co 205, Co 213, Co 223, Co 244, Co 281, Co 285, Co 290, Co 312, Co 313
1940’s Co 213, Co 312, Co 313, Co 331, Co 356, Co 453
1950’s Co 312, Co 313, Co 453, Co 951
1960’s Co 312, Co 975, Co 1107, Co 1148
1970’s Co 312, Co 1148, Co 1158
1980’s Co 1148, Co 1158, Co 7717, Co 7314
1990’s Co 1148, Co 89003
2000’s Co 89003, Co 98014, Co 0238, Co 0118

Tropical zone

1920’s Co 213
1930’s Co 213, Co 243, Co 281, Co 290, Co 313
1940’s Co 213, Co 419
1950’s Co 419, Co 449, Co 527
1960’s Co 419, Co 527, Co 658, Co 740, Co 853, Co 975, Co 997
1970’s Co 419, Co 527, Co 658, Co 740, Co 975, Co 997, Co 853, Co 62175, Co 6304, Co 6806, Co 6415
1980’s Co 419, Co 740, Co 975, Co 62175,Co 6304, Co 6907, Co 7219
1990’s Co 740, Co 62175, Co 6304, Co 7219, Co 7704, Co 7527, Co 7508, Co 7504, Co 8011, Co 8014, Co 8021, Co 8208, Co 8362, Co 8371, Co 8338, Co 85004, Co 86032, Co 85019, Co 86249, Co 97009
2000’s Co 86032, Co 99004, Co 94012, Co 2001-13, Co 2001-15

Recent Releases (Peninsular Zone)

Digital Photos

Brief profiles of recently released sugarcane varieties by this Institute are provided in this document.

Varieties for Peninsular India

Co 0403 (Sammriddhi)

Co 99004 (Damodar)

Co 2001-13 (Sulabh)

Co 2001-15

Co 06027

Recent releases (N.E & N.C)

Varieties for North East and North Central India

Co 0232

An early maturing variety for North Eastern and North central Zone

Parentage: CoLk 8102 x Co 87267

Details of the variety: Co 0232, an early maturing, water logging tolerant and red rot resistant This clone is suitable for cultivation in the North Central and North East zones comprising of Eastern Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal and North Eastern states. This clone was identified from Sugarcane Breeding Institute, Research Centre, Motipur (presently under IISR, Lucknow) during 2002. Under water logging conditions Co 0232 performed better over the best standard CoSe 95422 with 7.63 % higher cane yield, 11.55 % higher CCS t/ha and 0.77 % higher sucrose content. It is also tolerant to early drought and top borer.

Distinguishing morphological features: Erect canes with medium height and reddish orange rind colour. Sparse leaf sheath hairiness, incipient inner auricle, green dewlap, conoidal internode shape, heavy internode waxiness, ovate bud and bud tip not touching growth ring.

Co 0233

A midlate maturing variety for North Eastern and North central Zone

Parentage: CoLk 8102 x Co 775

Details of the variety: Co 0233, was identified from Sugarcane Breeding Institute, Research Centre, Motipur (presently under IISR, Lucknow). It is a selection from the cross CoLk 8102 x Co 775 and is suitable for cultivation in the North Central and North East zones. The cane and sugar yield of Co 0233 was 21.11 % and 24.62% higher over best standard CoSe 92423. This variety is high yielding, tolerant to early drought, water logging and top borer and resistant to red rot.

Distinguishing morphological features: Plant is erect. Leaf sheath has sparse hairs, crescent ligule, dentoid auricle, dark green dew lap, arched, medium wide leaf blade and leaf sheath is weak. The internode colour is purplish green. Internode thickness is medium, cylindrical, with smooth rind and medium waxiness. Bud is round of medium size, bud groove and bud cushion absent and bud tip touching the growth ring

In the pipe-line


Other promising Varieties in the pipe-line

Co 0314 - an early maturing clone for Peninsular zone

Co 0314 named as Shyamala was evolved through hybridization and selection involving two high yielding and high quality proven parents viz., Co 7201 x Co 86011. It is an early maturing clone identified as Co cane in 2003 from Sugarcane Breeding Institute, Coimbatore suitable for Peninsular Zone. Besides being a high yielding and good quality clone, it is moderately resistant to red rot and resistant to smut. It possesses A1 quality jaggery and 13.93 % fibre. The clone has impressive, excellent field stand, erectness, early vigorous growth, dark green foliage, tall canes growing up to 3.0m without splits.

Co 0209- an early maturing clone for Peninsular zone

The early maturing clone Co 0209 with the parentage Co 8353 x Co 86011, performed well across the peninsular zone for cane yield and sugar yield in comparison with CoC 671 and Co 85004. Besides being a high yielding and good quality clone, it is resistant to red rot and smut also. It possesses A1 quality jaggery and 13.93 % fibre. The clone has excellent field stand, erectness, early vigorous growth, dark green foliage, tall canes growing up to 3.0 m and without spines on the sheath

RECENT NEWS

International Symposium on Sugarcane Research (Sucrosym 2017) First Circular

Cost-saving sugarcane seedling transplanter (Source: The Times of India - Coimbatore, May 23, 2017)

New Transplanter developed for sugarcane (Source: The Indian Express - Coimbatore, May 23, 2017)

Agriculture Scientist Dr. Bakshi Ram has been honoured by Dr. Sanjeev kumar Balyan, MoS, Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation

Dr.Bakshi Ram, Director, ICAR-SBI felicitated for his contributions in improving farmers’ income and sugar recovery through the variety Co 0238.

UP Sugar Output hits all-time record

Ganne Ki Kheti Mein Ab to 38-38 Ho Ri


Sugarcane farmers opt for drought-tolerant varieties

Doubling the farmer’s income by March, 2022-Action Plan meeting of Tamil Nadu state Coordination committee held on 27th March,2017 at Conference Hall, State Planning Commission, Chennai .

Best farmers award for Mr Gyan Ghai a farmer associated with ICAR- SBI Regional Centre, Karnal

Sugarcane Breeding Institute gets award for two predominant varieties

Sugarcane Breeding Institute's two cane varieties recognised

" The Wonder Variety Co 0238 was evolved under the leadership of Dr.Bakshi Ram, Director, ICAR-SBI at Regional center,Karnal is doing wonders in subtropical India (UP)."

"Co 0238 in Farmer Shri. Umesh field in Muzaffarnagar,Uttar Pradesh"

"Ganna Prakash - Hindi magazine"

"Hand Book Identification of Promising Sugarcane Clones"

"Success story (100tons/acre) YLD free Co 86032"

Advisories to mitigate the impact of drought in sugarcane

Yield potential of Co 0238 in UP(Source: Hindustan, Lucknow)

Draft Proforma for Varietal Identification

Draft Proforma for Variety Release Notification

Release of New publication

For your Attention